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古谣谚-卷二十六

分类:总集时间:2023-04-06阅读数:7990

繁欽引鳳闕古歌
三輔黃圖
長安城西有雙闕。上有雙銅雀。一鳴五穀成。再鳴五穀熟。An ancient song concerning the two towers that had a pair of bronze peacocks on the west of Chang An city.
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朝邑俗諺
元和郡縣圖志
苦泉羊。洛水漿。The water in a spring in Zhao Yi County tastes salty and bitter, but once the sheep drink that water, the milk that they produce tastes like ambrosia.
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丹州俗語
元和郡縣圖志
丹州白室。胡頭漢舌。A folk saying about Dan Zhou residents, who speak only Chinese, despite the fact that theirethnic background is not Han.
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襄陽古諺
元和郡縣圖志
襄陽無西。There is no west end for Xiang Yang County, meaning that the borderline between Xiang Yang and another county is not distinct.
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邔縣古諺
元和郡縣圖志
邔無東。
There is no east end to the Ji County, meaning that the borderline between Ji and another county is not distinct.
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徐聞諺
元和郡縣志逸文
欲拔貧。詣徐聞。
If one wants to escape poverty, one should go to Xu Wen county in search of wealth.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
匈奴為祁連焉支二山歌
十道志逸文
失我焉支山。令我婦女無顏色。失我祁連山。
使我六畜不蕃息。Two folk songs sung by the Xiong Nu tribe concerning their loss of two mountainous areas to the Han empire. The words are: Losing the Yan Zhi mountain left our women to have no lipsticks to use (there were certain plants used as the material for lipsticks in that mountain). Losing Qi Lian mountain left us with no good place for animal grazing.
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人為紇真山神泉歌
太平寰宇記
紇真山頭有神井。入地千尺絕骨冷。
There is a divine well on the top of He Zhen mountain. However, the water there is so cold that itchills to the bones.
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鄴人金鳳舊歌
太平寰宇記
鳳陽門內天一半。上有金鳳飛相喚。欲去不去著鎖絆。There are two gold pheonixes on the Fong Yang gate. One has flown to the Zhang River, and the other one is fastened by a lock.
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磁州鼓山俗語
太平寰宇記
南鼓北鼓。相去十五。
There are two rock drums on the Drum mountain of Ci Zhou. One in the north, the other in the south.
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清豐故老傳語
太平寰宇記
金堤頭。上有秦女樓。At the source of the Jin Ti River, there is a Qin Women’s tower.
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時人為二陸三張語
太平寰宇記
二陸人洛。三張減價。
If those two Mr. Lu’s should come to Luo (place name), then those three Zhang brothers would not appear as outstanding in their literary work.
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漁陽耆舊言
太平寰宇記
燕山石鼓。鳴則有兵。
There is a rock drum on Yan Moutnain. When one plays it, it is as though there are soldiers marching around.
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南溪縣故老傳語
太平寰宇記
東石從西。乞子將歸。There are two rocks facing each other across the Qing Yi River. It is where one may pray for begetting a son.
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長興石鼓諺
太平寰宇記
石鼓鳴。則三吳有兵。
When the rock drum is being played, it sounds as though there is an army.
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長水縣土人謠
太平寰宇記
水市出天子。
An emperor will come out of that market on the river. A folk saying in Chang Shui County.
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永嘉飲食諺
太平寰宇記
腹如三京灣。When one can really eat, one is said as to have a belly like the San Jing Bay.
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南鄭旱山諺
太平寰宇記
牛頭戴。旱山晦。家中乾穀莫相貸。
A folk saying concerning the Han mountain in Nan Zheng county. It says that when there are clouds on that mountain, one should not take out one’s dry grains to lend to people, asrain will come with the cloud.
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襄陽民為胡烈歌
太平寰宇記
譬春之陽。如冬之日。耕者讓畔。百姓豐溢。惟我胡父。
恩惠難置。
A song sung by people of Xiang Yang praising Hu Lei in doing a good job governing their county. His major contribution was the construction of dykes.
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渭州土產諺
太平寰宇記
郎樞女樞。十馬九駒。安陽大角。十牛九犢。
A folk saying concerning the good animals raised in Wei Zhou.
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石門俗語
太平寰宇記
經大庾。則清穢之氣分。飲石門。則緇素之質變。
If one goes past Da Yu, then one’s bad temperament departs from one. When one drinks water from Shi Men’s Greedy Spring, then one becomes not-greedy.
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時人為張飛玉追馬歌
太平寰宇記逸文
人中有張飛。馬中有玉追。
Among men, there is the unusual man Zhang Fei, and among horses, there is his unusual horse named Yu Zhui.
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烏鵲歌
新定九域志逸文
南山有鳥。北山張羅。鳥自高飛。羅當奈何。
烏鵲雙飛。不樂鳳凰。妾是庶人。不樂宋王。
A song sung by the wife of a servant of Prince Kang of the Song dynasty, expressing her desirenot to marry him. Being attracted to her, Prince Kang wanted to take her. He killed her husband, but then she would not follow the prince’s will. She hung herself.
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德清邑人為沈氏語
輿地紀勝
金鵝鳴。沈氏興。
When these golden geese howl up on Golden Goose Mountain, the Shen family begins to be prosperous.
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七里灘諺
輿地紀勝
有風七里。無風七十里。When there is tail wind, the boat goes fast, and when there is head wind, the boat is ten times slower than when there is tail wind.
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紹興邦人舊語
輿地紀勝
晴禹祠。雨龍瑞。Words said by people of Shao Xing about their two scenic spots. When it is a clear day, one should go to the Yu temple. When it is rainy, one should go to Long Rei temple.
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天姥峰俗諺
輿地紀勝
夏禹所踐刻此壁。
Words referring to the content of the mural in Tian Lao mountain. The mural was about places and things that Yu, an ancient saint good at hydraulic engineering, had done.
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魁峰諺
輿地紀勝
魁峰頂秀。石女峰高。Words said about the great views of Kui Mountain and Shi Nu Mountain.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
鐵牛門諺
輿地紀勝
丑上無山置鐵牛。
Words said about the gate with a pair of iron cows in Xuan Cheng County.
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雲居山歸宗寺俗語
輿地紀勝
天上雲居。地下歸宗。
The scenic spot in the sky is Cloud Dwelling Mountain, and the scenic spot on the ground is Gui Zong temple.
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進賢縣古謠
輿地紀勝
日月湖明良將出。石人灘合狀元生。When the Sun Moon Lake water is clear, there will be outstanding army generals born there. When the Rockman Beach closes in, there will be winners of the civil service test born.
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澎浪磯語
輿地紀勝
小姑嫁彭郎。
Words said about a scenic spot in Jiang Zhou. The words are: the young girl marries Mr. Peng(the name of the scenic spot is Peng Lang Rock).
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淮甸人為李大有歌
輿地紀勝
天下姦臣皆守室。虔州太守獨勤王。
Those evil subjects of the emperor all stayed put and ignored the emperor’s call for help. Only the Governor of Qian Zhou went to the emperor’s assistance.
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天堆童謠
輿地紀勝
天雷飛石頭。一夜成汀州。五十年內興公侯。
With one night of thunder and rain, a huge pile of rocks accumulated on the river. In fifty years, someone royal will arise.
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海陵為許氏周氏查氏諺
輿地紀勝
一學許周查。
Students in the entire school in Hai Ling have the family names of Xu, Zhou and Zha.
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汪陵邦人為李堯言李立言李竦語
輿地紀勝
元豐濟濟稱多士。南郡堂堂有三李。萬鍾於我何加焉。一瓢樂在其中矣。
Words said by people of Wang Ling about three local men who all had the family name Li, two of them being brothers. They all resigned from their government posts. The words praise them for not being greedy about the money.
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復州人誦王琪万俟湜語
輿地紀勝
前有王琪。後有万俟。
Words said by people of Fu Zhou about their two good mayors.
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世人謂二宋二連語
輿地紀勝
人才二宋。盛德二連。
There are two outstanding people with the surname of Song, and there are two virtuous and generous people named Mr. Lian.
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牯牛石灘里諺
輿地紀勝
過得牯牛抄石灘。寄書歸去報平安。
If one could safely sail through the Gu Niou Beach, one could write home and report their safe arrival to their final destination without actually reaching it.
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南恩民為陳豐歌
輿地紀勝
君不見恩平陳守賢。優游治郡如烹鮮。
Words said by people of Nan En concerning their good official Chen Fong, who had no bad practices that bothered the general population.
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廣東民為李綸歌
輿地紀勝
石門之水清且清。晉吏一歃千古榮。爭如李公投杯盟。
江流洶洶盃停停。A song sung by people of Guang Dong about one of their officials, Li Lun who swore that he would be a good official by throwing his cup into a big river with fast-flowing water. But the cup remained in front of him without being carried away by the water.
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惠州土人語
輿地紀勝
紅螺。白餅。In Hui Zhou, people eat red bivalves with white cakes in the winter.
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廣西俗語
輿地紀勝
梧州樂。昭州角。
A folksaying in Guang Xi praising the music of Wu Zhou has an elegant and archaic style.
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時人為日山月山語
輿地紀勝
東有日山西有月。年年征戰無休歇。賴得西水向東流。世代永無憂。
Words said about Yi Zhou, a place that has two mountains and one river. The words say that although there is warfare constantly, they still have very good arable land to sustain a good life.
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天聖中人為謝泌王臻章頻鄭載歌
輿地紀勝
前有謝王。後有鄭章。
A song sung during the Tian Sheng era about four good government officials.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
建州民為陸長源歌
輿地紀勝
令我州郡泰。令我戶口裕。令我活計大。陸員外。令我家不分。令我馬成群。令我稻滿囷。陸使君。A song sung by people of Jian Zhou concerning their able governor Lu Chang Yaun.
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雞鳴山俗語
輿地紀勝
金雞鳴而天下太平。
A folk saying in the Chicken-Calling Mountain area. The words say that when the goldenchickens are calling, there will be peace in the world.
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三嵎古民謠
輿地紀勝
三嵎青。陵陽榮。三嵎翠。陵陽貴。
An old folk song sung by people of San Yu concerning the good place in which they live.
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懷安軍方諺
輿地紀勝
軍不如縣。縣不如鎮。
Words said about the army base of Hui An. The words said that smaller territories within the base have more wealth then the entire base.
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世謂廣安語
輿地紀勝
紙似池。席似蘇。梨似耿。魚似嘉。
Words said about Guang An which has good food and products.
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龍床灘古諺
輿地紀勝
龍床如拭。濟舟必吉。龍床髣佛。濟舟必沒。
Words said about Dragon-Bed Beach, a section of a river. When the water is calm there, it is easy to sail boats, when it is not calm, boats will sink.
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大悲口諺
輿地紀勝
船過大悲口。鹽方是你有。
When the ship passes Pleasure-Giving Cove safely, then the salt merchants on the ship can really say that they have their salt.
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元祐中閬州里人歌
輿地紀勝
錦\屏名山。三人狀元。There are three Zhuang Yuans (first place in the government civil service test) from the famous Jin Ping Mountain area.
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巴州人為薛逢歌
輿地紀勝
日出而耕。日入而歸。吏不到門。夜不掩扉。有孩有童。
願以名垂。何以字之。薛孫薛兒。
A song sung by people of Ba Zhou praising their governor Xue Fong. The words are: I go to farm and come back at dusk. No government official ever visits me. I do not have to lock up my door at night. When I have children, I will name them after Xue Fong.
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蓬州人為呂錫山王大辯歌
輿地紀勝
我有父母。前呂後王。撫愛我民。千里安康。
Words said by people of Peng Zhou about their two good officials.
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章阿父吟
輿地紀勝
通身一點黑。四海永絕倫。開得天關路。閉得地戶門。
若要求長生。到斷五行因。
A poem recited by a Taoist practitioner who was supposedly over three hundred years old, to themayor of Han Yin. The poem says that if one wants to know the essence of the way (Dao, thepath), then one should know that everything starts from the heart. If the heart lives, the bodylives as well.
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寶婺觀古桐諺
方輿勝覽
桐齊簷。出狀元。
When the paulownia tree next to the state school grows to be as high as the roof of the school, aperson will win the first place in the civil service test. That prediction came true for Liu Wei.
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時人為徐履語
方輿勝覽
殿榜若還顛倒掛。徐履依前作狀元。
Words said about the actual first place of one civil service test, the man Xu Lu. He became number five after he refused to marry the examiner’s daughter.
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石印山諺
方輿勝覽
石印啟封。天下太平。
Words said about the rock grains on Shi Yin Mountain. These words are wishes for peace.
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江西四郡諺
方輿勝覽
筠原贛吉。腦後插筆。
Words said about four counties in Jiang Xi.
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瀏口駱駝觜諺
方輿勝覽
駱駝觜圓。出狀元。
Words said about how a man from Luo Tuo Zui will win the first place in the civil service test.
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鬱林土歌
方輿勝覽
雲南頭。楚分尾。
Words said about the location of Yu Lin being at the beginning of Yun Nan and at the end of Chu.
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